The “Point prevalence survey of healthcare associated infections and antimicrobial use in European acute care hospitals” protocol adopts the following definition of Central Nervous System Infection (CNS).
CNS-IC: intracranial infection (brain abscess, subdural or epidural infection, encephalitis).
Intracranial infection must meet at least one of the following criteria:
and at least one of the following:
If meningitis and a brain abscess are present together, the infection must be reported as CNS-IC.
CNS-MEN: meningitis or ventriculitis.
Meningitis or ventriculitis must meet at least one of the following criteria:
Further instructions for reporting:
CNS-SA: spinal abscess without meningitis.
An abscess of the spinal epidural or subdural space, without involvement of the cerebrospinal fluid or adjacent bone structures, must meet at least one of the following criteria:
Spinal abscess with meningitis must be reported as meningitis.
Link to European IC/HH Core Competencies
Area 3. Surveillance and investigation of healthcare associated infection (HAI)