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This article introduces the serious cross border health threat legislation, Decision 1082/2013/EU.
This Decision entered into force on 6 November 2013, and is the result of a major progress in health security issues over the last 15 years, in particular:
Following number of calls for action from the EU Council and the European Parliament, in December 2011, the Commission came forward with a proposal for a Decision on serious cross border threat to health. The main purpose of this initiative was to extend the protection provided to European citizens to all serious cross border threats to health caused not only by the communicable diseases but by other biological, chemical and environmental threats.
The Decision entered into force on 6 November 2013. It repeals Decision 2119 of 1998, but all implementing acts that were adopted under this Decision remain in force.
Though the European Union has opened the internal borders between countries to allow free movement of people and goods, borders still demarcate the influence of national authorities in terms of health measures. The cross border health legislation deals aims an facilitating efficient and effective response to health threats between countries. The map below shows EU/EEA Member States (that fall within the influence of this legislation), (potential) candidate countries and neighboring countries.
1. Health threats can be:
2. Subsidiarity principle: Europe-wide cooperation when more efficient than individual EU governments acting alone
=> Cross-border nature gives the EU legitimacy to act
‘serious cross-border threat to health’ means a life-threatening or otherwise serious hazard to health of biological, chemical, environmental or unknown origin which spreads or entails a significant risk of spreading across the national borders of Member States, and which may necessitate coordination at Union level in order to ensure a high level of human health protection.
Examples of Public health threats with cross-border relevance:
Into force 6 November 2013
Updated EWRS live in February
New HSC nominated by 7 March
Development of implementing acts (1st ones due by Nov 2014)