A set of training materials for professionals working in intervention epidemiology, public health microbiology and infection control and hospital hygiene.
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The “Point prevalence survey of healthcare associated infections and antimicrobial use in European acute care hospitals” protocol adopts the following definition of Central Nervous System Infection (CNS).
CNS-IC: intracranial infection (brain abscess, subdural or epidural infection, encephalitis).
Intracranial infection must meet at least one of the following criteria:
and at least one of the following:
If meningitis and a brain abscess are present together, the infection must be reported as CNS-IC.
CNS-MEN: meningitis or ventriculitis.
Meningitis or ventriculitis must meet at least one of the following criteria:
Further instructions for reporting:
CNS-SA: spinal abscess without meningitis.
An abscess of the spinal epidural or subdural space, without involvement of the cerebrospinal fluid or adjacent bone structures, must meet at least one of the following criteria:
Spinal abscess with meningitis must be reported as meningitis.
Link to European IC/HH Core Competencies
Area 3. Surveillance and investigation of healthcare associated infection (HAI)
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Vladimir Prikazsky posted on 10/3/2014 2:16:25 PM:
Case fatality rate for Ebola virus disease in west Africa
An interesting article on calculation of case fatality rate in ebola situation in West Africa: "The low reported CFR values were generated from a so-called naive CFR calculation, in which the total number of deaths reported so far is divided by the total number of cases. This naive approach does not account for the delay between onset of Ebola symptoms and disease outcome (recovery or death). The widely cited 2014 CFR of around 50% is therefore likely to be a substantial underestimate of the true value."
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