A set of training materials for professionals working in intervention epidemiology, public health microbiology and infection control and hospital hygiene.
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So far, from the above it is probably clear that IHR2005 contain strong and frequent references to surveillance principles. In order for a Member State to be able to perform the surveillance functions laid down in the IHR2005, a certain amount of trained experts needs to be put in place.
So what about other epidemiological methods and concepts; do IHR require that countries maintain specific competences in epidemiology within the workforce? Though (analytical) epidemiological investigations are not specifically mentioned in the IHR, there is an indirect reference to them by defining scientific evidence; ".......this means information furnishing a level of proof based on the established and accepted methods of science".
Still, the text leaves room for interpretation on how much capacity (human resource) member states are expected to ensure to apply epidemiological methods during the assessment of public health threats.
1. International Health Regulations 2005. http://www.euro.who.int/en/what-we-do/health-topics/emergencies/international-health-regulations
2. WHO-EURO. International Training Workshop: "International Health Regulations Core Capacity Tabletop Exercise Development and Public Health management", http://www.euro.who.int/en/what-we-do/health-topics/emergencies/international-health-regulations/activities/past-meetings/international-training-workshopinternational-health-regulations-core-capacity-tabletop-exercise-development-and-public-health-management
3. Nicoll A, Jones J, Aavitsland P, Giesecke J. Proposed new International Health Regulations. BMJ 2005; 330: 321-2
4. REGULATION (EC) No 851/2004 OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 21 April 2004 establishing a European centre for disease prevention and control
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email@example.com posted on 7/14/2011 7:57:55 AM:
I am not certain if the IHR will bring the desired harmonisation, but tim will tell.
Arnold Bosman replied on 7/15/2011 12:36:21 AM:
Good question. Even though the IHR seems to have the status of a law (or at least international legislation), there does not seem to be a penalty system if there is no compliance. So then it can at least be considered a standard.
Whether or not the standard will be followed, that is probably as always a matter of (political) will.
What we (ECDC) can contribute, is to demonstrate in our dialogues with Member State experts how we can use the IHR to arrange core disease prevention and control activities. Also by using it a guide for the trainings that we organise, hopefully it will become more and more 'common sense'.
And indeed, also for these plans: time will tell :)
sbpmebxu replied on 7/29/2015 6:56:05 PM: 1
sbpmebxu replied on 7/29/2015 7:14:46 PM: 1
sbpmebxu replied on 7/29/2015 7:52:47 PM: 1
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