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Arnold Bosman posted on 7/5/2011 8:38:58 AM:
It may be good to include that Bradford Hill himself presented this as viewpoints, rather than criteria. In his own writing, he made explicit that none of these viewpoints can be considered irrevocable evidence of causality, nor can they be seen as a sine qua non.
To present them as "criteria" may enhance the misnterpretation that they should be seen as evidence for causality.
The book "history of epidemiological methods and concepts" includes some very insightful and educational quotes from Bradford Hill on these viewpoints. I will try later this week to include them in this chapter (as soon as I get behind a desktop computer, since this is written from my iPad)
Vladimir Prikazsky replied on 1/18/2017 12:03:24 PM:
More to read about Hill's criteria - viewpoints:
Association or causation: Evaluating links between “environment and disease” http://www.who.int/bulletin/volumes/83/10/792.pdf
Applying the Bradford Hill criteria in the 21st century: how data integration has changed causal inference in molecular epidemiology https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4589117/
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